Over 65% of the Nogales population
is under 30 years of age. Harvest times can constrict the workforce, many
leave to support the family farm or seek migrant work in Arizona's Sonoran
Valley. Nogales is also a way station or Mexican migrant farm workers.
Many Nogalean families have lived in the area for generations, and return
from the fields in the off-season.
There are 86,231 persons economically
active between the ages 12 - 49.
Nogales unemployment ranges from
9% - 11%, depending upon the agriculture season.
Nogales literacy rate of 93% is above
average for border cities, with 88% of its workforce high school graduates and
an additional 8% having finished preparatory or technical school.
Education and Training
Nogales has 14 high schools, 7 technical
schools, and 8 professional schools. Several industrial park has established
training centers to support the operations of its tenants.
Estimates in Nogales typically run
as high as 15% per month in most maquilas. Low wages and agricultural migration
during the harvest season contribute heavily to the total communities high
Availability of Labor
Population and demographic projections
still point to above average growth, as Mexicali is affected by increased trade,
border migration and higher birth rates. A quick look at maquila employment is