A number of larger maquilas have
located in the Cd. Chihuahua area since 1989, many of which provide additional
training for the local workforce. Cd. Chihuahua has been an alternative destination
for maquila operators who require access to the crossings in El Paso / Juarez, but
wish to locate away from the border. The aggregate skill level will increase as more
maquilas in the electronics business located there.
Education and Training
A number of training schools exist in Cd.
Chihuahua, including a state university from which 40% of the region's students
In general terms, turnover is moderate
in Cd. Chihuahua because of a smaller labor pool and fewer choices for workers
to find other job sites. Some plants within walking distance of housing areas
experience lower turnover rates than those located in business parks that require
workers to make lengthy bus transfers. Turnover rate estimates typically run
8% - 12% per month.
Exceptional highway to the northern
border crossings in Cd. Juarez. Electricity, water and gas available at all
US Customs processes commercial
traffic from Cd. Chihuahua at the El Paso / Juarez crossing, and a small
portion through the Ojinaga crossing for shipments destined to central Texas
Maquila employers pay State of
Chihuahua taxes in the amount of 3.5% - 5.0% of base salaries.